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Cite Details

Nuno D. Antunes, Luis M. A. Bettencourt and W. H. Zurek, "Vortex String Formation in a 3D U(1) Temperature Quench", Physical Review Letters, vol. 82, pp. 2824-2827, 1999

Abstract

We report the first large scale numerical study of the dynamics of a second order phase transition caused by a gradual decrease of temperature in a U(1) quartic scalar field theory in three spatial dimensions. We present a detailed account of the dynamics of the fields and focus on vortex string formation as a function of the quench rate. The results are found in good agreement with the theory of defect formation proposed by Kibble and Zurek.

BibTeX Entry

@article{antunes-1999-vortex,
author = {Nuno D. Antunes and Luis M. A. Bettencourt and W. H. Zurek},
title = {Vortex String Formation in a 3D U(1) Temperature Quench},
year = {1999},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
volume = {82},
pages = {2824-2827}
}