Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics

Alexander Gutfraind, Aric Hagberg and Feng Pan, "Interdiction of a Markovian evader", in * Proceedings of the 12th INFORMS Computing Society Conference
on OR, Computing, and Homeland Defense*, R. Kevin Wood and Robert F. Dell (Eds), (INFORMS Hannover, MD), pp. 3--15, 2011

Shortest path network interdiction is a combinatorial optimization problem on an activity network arising in a number of important security-related applications. It is classically formulated as a bilevel maximin problem representing an ``interdictor'' and an ``evader''. The evader tries to move from a source node to the target node along a path of the least cost while the interdictor attempts to frustrate this motion by cutting edges or nodes. The interdiction objective is to find the optimal set of edges to cut given that there is a finite interdiction budget and the interdictor must move first. We reformulate the interdiction problem for stochastic evaders by introducing a model in which the evader follows a Markovian random walk guided by the least-cost path to the target. This model can represent incomplete knowledge about the evader, and the resulting model is a nonlinear $0-1$ optimization problem. We then introduce an optimization heuristic based on betweenness centrality that can rapidly find high-quality interdiction solutions by providing a global view of the network.

@inproceedings{gutfraind-2010-interdiction,

author = {Alexander Gutfraind and Aric Hagberg and Feng Pan},

title = {Interdiction of a {M}arkovian evader},

year = {2011},

urlpdf = {http://math.lanl.gov/~hagberg/Papers/gutfraind-2010-interdiction.pdf},

booktitle = { Proceedings of the 12th INFORMS Computing Society Conference
on OR, Computing, and Homeland Defense},

editors = { R. Kevin Wood and Robert F. Dell},

address = {INFORMS Hannover, MD},

pages = {3--15}

}